Thermal insulation materials
There is a lot of material on the market today that companies use in thermal insulation
Each of them has its own characteristics, advantages and disadvantages. Therefore, when choosing between heat insulating materials, you must consider that the type of thermal insulation materials that you will use are appropriate for the environment in which they will be placed, and are the most prominent differences between thermal insulation materials in value or price, and the environmental impact, Flammability, sound insulation
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Fiberglass (see other uses for it) is the most common insulation in modern times. Because of the way this is done, from effective weaving of fine strands of glass to insulating materials and glass fibers that are able to reduce heat transfer. The main downside of fiberglass is its seriousness when handled improperly because it is made of finely woven silicon fiberglass, glass powder and small fragments of glass are formed. Which can cause damage to the eyes, lungs and skin if appropriate safety equipment is not worn. However, when appropriate safety equipment is used, any accidents can be avoided when installing fiberglass.
Cheapest and finest thermal insulation materials
Fiberglass is an excellent non-flammable insulation material, as it comes with a rating of R-2.9 to R-3.8 per inch. If you are seeking a cheap and very good insulation material this is definitely your best choice, and despite its installation requires safety precautions. You should make sure to use eye protection, masks, and gloves when handling this product.
2- Mineral wool
The term mineral wool actually refers to several different types of thermal insulation materials.
First, it may refer to glass wool which is glass fiber made from recycled glass.
Second, it may refer to rockwool which is a type of basalt insulation.
Finally, it may refer to slag wool which is produced from slag from steel mills. And the majority of mineral wool in the United States is, in fact, slag wool.
And you can get this material either in the form of rolls that are used directly or as an analyzer, and most types of mineral wool come with no additives to prevent ignition so they are useless in places where the temperature is high
However, when used in conjunction with others, they are given more tolerance to fire, and mineral wool can certainly be an effective way to isolate large areas.
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Cellulose insulation is perhaps one of the most environmentally friendly forms of insulation. Cellulose is made from recycled cardboard, paper, and other similar materials and comes in a loose form. Some recent studies on cellulose have shown that it may be an excellent product for use in reducing fire losses. Due to the limited spaces between the components of the substance, cellulose does not contain oxygen inside it. This helps reduce the amount of damage that can be caused by a fire.
The advantages of cellulose
Environmentally friendly insulation material
Not only is cellulose one of the most environmentally friendly forms of thermal insulation, but it is also one of the most fireproof forms of insulation however, cellulose is a cheap and effective method of insulation.
Negative of cellulose
However, there are some downsides to this substance as well, such as finding skilled individuals to use this type of insulation is relatively difficult compared to fiberglass
4- Polyurethane foam
Although it is not the most popular and readily available type, it is an excellent form of thermal insulation at present. Polyurethane foam is used for use as a blowing agent. This helps reduce the amount of damage to the ozone layer. They are relatively light.
There is also another advantage of low density foam as it can be sprayed on hard to reach areas in other types of thermal insulation.
. Another advantage of this type of insulation is that it is fireproof
5- Polystyrene board
Polystyrene is a waterproof material and is considered an excellent material that is used in sound insulation and heat insulation
. Polystyrene insulation has a unique smooth surface that no other type of thermal insulation possesses.
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Advantages of using thermal insulation:
Rationalization in electrical energy consumption.
The building maintains the temperature for a long time without the need to operate the air conditioners for long periods.
It leads to the use of air conditioners with small capacities. Consequently, energy costs are reduced.
Increase the level of comfort for the building's users.
It reduces the use of air conditioners, which reduces their negative effects on humans due to the noise caused by the operation of these devices
Reducing the wall thickness and ceiling thickness needed to reduce heat transfer to the interior of the building.
Provide burden on power plants and distribution networks
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